Retinitis Pigmentosa Treatment Cost in India

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the progressive degeneration of the retina, leading to vision loss and potential blindness. While there is currently no cure for RP, various treatment options are available to manage symptoms, slow disease progression, and improve quality of life for affected individuals. In India, significant advancements in the field of ophthalmology have enhanced the accessibility and affordability of RP treatment, making it more accessible to patients across the country

What is Retinitis Pigmentosa?

Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of inherited eye disorders characterized by the progressive degeneration of the light-sensitive cells in the retina, called photoreceptors. This degeneration leads to vision loss, night blindness, tunnel vision, and, eventually, legal blindness. RP is typically diagnosed during adolescence or early adulthood and can vary in severity and rate of progression among affected individuals.

Why is it done?

RP treatment aims to slow the progression of vision loss, preserve remaining vision, and improve the quality of life for patients. While treatment cannot reverse the damage already done to the retina, it can help delay further deterioration and provide support for individuals living with RP.


While RP treatment options are generally safe, they may carry certain risks and potential complications, including:

1. Surgical Risks: Procedures such as retinal implants or gene therapy may carry risks such as infection, inflammation, or retinal detachment.

2. Visual Disturbances: Some treatments may cause temporary or permanent visual disturbances, including glare, halos, or changes in color perception.

3. Allergic Reactions: Patients may experience allergic reactions to medications or surgical materials used during treatment.


Preparation for RP treatment involves:

1. Comprehensive Eye Examination: Patients undergo a thorough eye examination, including visual acuity tests, visual field tests, electroretinography (ERG), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess retinal function and structure.

2. Medical History Review: Patients provide their medical history, including family history of RP or other eye conditions, to help guide treatment decisions.

3. Discussion of Treatment Options: Patients discuss treatment options with their ophthalmologist, including the potential benefits, risks, and expected outcomes of each approach.


RP treatment options may include:

1. Medication: While there is no specific medication to cure RP, certain vitamins and antioxidants may help slow disease progression and preserve vision in some patients.

2. Retinal Implants: Devices such as retinal implants or bionic eyes may be implanted to restore limited vision in individuals with advanced RP.

3. Gene Therapy: Experimental gene therapy approaches aim to replace or repair defective genes responsible for RP, potentially slowing or halting disease progression.

4. Low Vision Aids: Devices such as magnifiers, telescopes, and electronic aids can help individuals with RP make the most of their remaining vision and maintain independence.

Best Hospitals in India

Best Doctors for the Treatment

  • Dr. Dharitri Samantaray
  • Dr. Deependra V Singh
  • Dr. Pratik Ranjan Sen
  • Dr. Sunaina Arora
  • Dr. Dheeraj Gupta
  • Dr. Vandana Khullar
  • Dr. Madhuri Pattiwar

Cost Comparison

India – INR 2,00,000 (USD 2500)

Turkey – USD 2200

Thailand – USD 1900



1. Is retinitis pigmentosa curable?

   No, retinitis pigmentosa is currently not curable. However, various treatment options are available to manage symptoms and slow disease progression.

2. Can RP treatment restore lost vision?

   While RP treatment cannot reverse vision loss, it may help preserve remaining vision and improve quality of life for affected individuals.

3. Are there any lifestyle changes that can help manage RP?

   Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, protecting the eyes from bright light, and avoiding smoking may help slow the progression of RP.

4. Is RP treatment covered by health insurance?

   Some health insurance plans may cover certain aspects of RP treatment, including diagnostic tests, medications, and surgical procedures. Patients are advised to check their insurance coverage and consult with their provider for details.

5. What are the potential side effects of RP treatment?

   Side effects of RP treatment may include visual disturbances, surgical complications, and allergic reactions to medications. 

6. Is gene therapy available for RP in India?

   While gene therapy is still in the experimental stage for RP treatment, clinical trials are underway in India and other countries to evaluate its safety and efficacy.

7. Can RP lead to total blindness?

   In severe cases, RP can progress to legal blindness, where individuals have minimal or no functional vision. However, not all individuals with RP will experience complete vision loss.

8. What is the success rate of RP treatment?

   The success rate of RP treatment varies depending on factors such as disease severity, treatment approach, and individual response to therapy. 

9. Are there any alternative treatments for RP?

   Some individuals may explore alternative therapies such as acupuncture, dietary supplements, or herbal remedies to manage RP symptoms. However, evidence supporting the effectiveness of these treatments is limited.

10. How often should I undergo follow-up appointments for RP treatment?

    Patients with RP should undergo regular follow-up appointments with their ophthalmologist to monitor disease progression, adjust treatment as needed, and address any new symptoms or concerns.

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